Largest word in dictionary by removing a few characters from the given string

Given a dictionary (list of words) and an input string K. Find the largest word in the dictionary which can be obtained by deleting a few characters in the input string K. Example: Dictionary: [tutorial, horizon, trial, zon] Input: taucdtorgibalbhsoariazaonzaqn Output: tutorial Dictionary: [tutorial, horizon, trial, zon], Input: attroialled Output: trial Approach: Please read – … Read more Largest word in dictionary by removing a few characters from the given string

Calculate (x^y)%z without using pow() function

Problem: Given integers x, y, and z. Write a program to calculate (x^y)%z without pow() function. Example: x = 2, y= 5, z = 3 Output: (2 ^ 5) % 3 = 2 x = 5, y= 55, z = 221 Output: (5 ^ 55) % 221 = 112 Approach: Straight forward way to calculate … Read more Calculate (x^y)%z without using pow() function

Efficient Robot Problem – Find Minimum Trips

Problem: There is N number of items that need to be transferred from one place to another by a robot. Each item has a specific weight. The robot can carry maximum weight K in one trip. You need to come up with an algorithm to find out the minimum number of trips that the robot … Read more Efficient Robot Problem – Find Minimum Trips

Job Sequencing algorithm – Java

Objective: You are given n jobs along with the deadline and profit for each job. Your task is to write an algorithm to choose the jobs wisely which can maximize the profit. Also compute the maximum profit. Below are the details Each job duration is 1 unit. Name – Name of the job. Deadline – … Read more Job Sequencing algorithm – Java

Implement/Design the version control map system

Problem: Implement the version control map system which takes the snapshot of the versions of data. Implement the following functions: put(key, value) – puts the value again the key in the latest version of the map get(key) – get the value of the key for the latest version of the data snapshot() – take a … Read more Implement/Design the version control map system

Find if any two intervals overlap in given intervals

Objective: Interval is defined as [start, end]- the start of an interval to the end of the interval. Given a list of Intervals. Your task is to check if any two intervals overlap. Example: Given Interval: [[1,5], [6,10], [12,15], [3,7]] Two intervals are present which intersect Given Interval: [[1,5], [6,10], [12,15]] No intervals overlasx Approach:  … Read more Find if any two intervals overlap in given intervals

Given an array, find the number of all pairs with odd sum.

Objective: Given an array of integers, write a program to find the number of pairs with even odd. Example: Given Input: [1, 2, 3, 4] Number of odd pairs: 4 Note: (1, 2), (1, 4), (2, 3) and (3, 4) Given Input: [6, 7, 1, 3, 2, 5, 4] Number of odd pairs Naive approach: … Read more Given an array, find the number of all pairs with odd sum.

Print all steps to convert one string to another string

Objective: Given two strings, source string and target string, which are permutation or anagram of each other. You are allowed two swap only consecutive characters. Write an algorithm to print all the steps ( all the swaps) which will lead the conversion of the source string to the target string. NOTE: There could be multiple … Read more Print all steps to convert one string to another string

Check if one string is Rotation of another string

Objective: Write an algorithm to check if one string is Rotation of another string. This question has been asked in the Amazon interview.

Example:

Input Strings : 'sumitjain' and 'tjainsumi'
Output : true

Input String : 'Jaain' and 'ainJ'
Output: false

Input: Two Strings

Output: True or false based on whether strings are rotation of each other.

Approach:

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Replace all spaces in a String with ‘%20’

Objective: Write an algorithm to replace all spaces in a given string with ‘%20’. You can consider that string has enough space at the end of the string to hold the extra characters.

Input: A String and true length of a string

Output: Updated string in which each space is replaced by the ‘%20’

Example: 

Input String : I am Sumit Jain    

Output String : I%20am%20Sumit%20Jain

Approach:

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Find Intersection Point in Two Linked List

Objective: Given Two linked list, check whether both list intersect each other, if yes then find the starting node of the intersection.

Intersection point means end of one linked list is linked with some node in another linked list and it forms a Y shape.

Input: Two Linked List

Output: Intersection Node or point

Example:

Find Intersection Point in Two Linked List
Find Intersection Point in Two Linked List

Approach:

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Count All Paths from Top left to bottom right in Two Dimensional Array including Diagonal Paths

Objective: Count all the paths from left top corner to right bottom corner in two dimensional array.

Input: Two Dimensional array

Output: No of paths.

Approach :

1. Recursive

Recursive solution to this problem is similar to Print All Paths from Top left to bottom right in Two Dimensional Array

But the Time complexity will be exponential because there will be many sub problems which will be solved again and again to get the final solution. read this : “Dynamic programming vs Recursion

2. Dynamic Programming (Better Solution)

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Merge or Combine Two Sorted Linked Lists

Objective: Given two sorted linked lists, objective is to merge both the lists in sorted order.

Input: Two sorted linked list List a, List b.

Example: 

List a : ->2->6->18

Listb: ->1->3->17->19

Merged List: ->1->2->3->6->17->18->19

Approach:

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Rearrange Positive and Negative Numbers of Array On Each Side in O(nlogn)

Objective: Rearrange Positive and Negative Numbers of an Array so that one side you have positive numbers and other side with negative Integers without changing their respective order.

Example : Input :  1 -2 3 -4 5 -6 7 -8 9 -10

ReArranged Output :  -2 -4 -6 -8 -10 1 3 5 7 9

Input: An array with positive and negative numbers

Output: Modified array with positive numbers and negative numbers are on each side of the array.

Approach:

Method 1. One naive approach is to have another array of same size and navigate the input array and one scan place all the negative numbers to the new array and in second scan place all the positive numbers to new array. Here the Space complexity will be O(n). We have a better solution which can solve this in O(1) space.

Method 2: Divide and Conquer

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