Maximum Surpasser in the given array

The “surpasser” of an element in an array is defined as the number of elements that are to the “right” and bigger than itself. Write an algorithm to Find the maximum surpasser of the array. Example: Input array: [2, 7, 5, 5, 2, 7, 0, 8, 1] The “surpassers” are [5, 1, 2, 2, 2, … Read more Maximum Surpasser in the given array

Maximum CPU Load Problem

Given a list of n Jobs with start time, end time and CPU load when it is active at any moment. If all the jobs are running at the same machine then find the maximum CPU load at any time, Also print the time at which the load was maximum. Input: Given a list of … Read more Maximum CPU Load Problem

Student Attendance Reward

In school a student gets rewarded if he has an attendance record without being absent for more than once or being late for 3 times continuously.  Given a student’s attendance record represented by a string. The record only contains the following three characters: ‘A’ : Absent. ‘L’ : Late. ‘O’ : On-Time. Check whether the … Read more Student Attendance Reward

Count Maximum overlaps in a given list of time intervals

Interval is defined as [start, end]- the start of the interval to the end of the interval. Given the list of Intervals write an algorithm to find the maximum number of intervals overlapping at any point in time. Example: Given Intervals: [[0,2], [3,7], [1,5], [7,8], [4,6]] Maximum overlapping: 3 Explanation: Interval (4, 5) is overlapping … Read more Count Maximum overlaps in a given list of time intervals

Maximum distance from the nearest person.

Given a bench with n seats and few people sitting, You are going to sit on a vacant seat such that the distance between you and the nearest person to you is maximum. On the beach, the occupied seats are represented by 1 and vacant seats are represented by 0. Example: Input: [1, 0, 1, … Read more Maximum distance from the nearest person.

Candidate Voting Problem

Given candidates standing for an election, design a data structure that can support the following modules –  1. voteCandidate (candidateName) – Add one vote for the candidate. 2. getTopK ( k ) – This will return top K candidates at that time. It can return more than k candidates if more candidates have the same … Read more Candidate Voting Problem

Design data structure for players and ranks

Given a list of player names and their scores, design a data structure that can support following modules in optimal time- updateEntry(String name) – Increase the player score with “name” by 1. If no player with name is present then add a player with score 1. getEntryFromRank(int rank) – Get the players with the given … Read more Design data structure for players and ranks

Maximum Bipartite Matching Problem

Problem: Given a bipartite graph, write an algorithm to find the maximum matching. The maximum bipartite matching solves many problems in the real world like if there are M jobs and N applicants. Each applicant can do some jobs. Your task is to assign these jobs to the applicants so that maximum applicants get the … Read more Maximum Bipartite Matching Problem

Compare two version numbers of a software

Given two versions of a software, write an algorithm to find out which version is the latest. Example: Version A: 1.1.0 Version B: 1.1.1 Given version B latest than version A Version A: 1.2.1 Version B: 1.2.1 Given versions are the same Version A: 2.2.0 Version B: 2.2 Given versions are the same Version A: … Read more Compare two version numbers of a software

Minimum number of times String A is repeated to such that B is substring of A

Given a string A consisting of n characters and a string B consisting of m characters, write a function that will return the number of times A must be stated such that B is a substring of the repeated A. If B can never be a substring, return -1. Example: A = ‘abcd’ B =’cdabcdab’ … Read more Minimum number of times String A is repeated to such that B is substring of A

The number of cycles in a given array of integers.

Objective: Given an array of size N which contains integers from range 0 to N-1. (No duplicates). Write a program to find the number of cycles in the array.  Cycles in Array: Since the array is of size N and elements are from 0 to N-1 without any duplicates means all the elements appear exactly … Read more The number of cycles in a given array of integers.

Calculate (x^y)%z without using pow() function

Problem: Given integers x, y, and z. Write a program to calculate (x^y)%z without pow() function. Example: x = 2, y= 5, z = 3 Output: (2 ^ 5) % 3 = 2 x = 5, y= 55, z = 221 Output: (5 ^ 55) % 221 = 112 Approach: Straight forward way to calculate … Read more Calculate (x^y)%z without using pow() function

Find subarray with a sum to given number-2 | Handle negative numbers

Problem: Given an array (positive and negative) and an integer, find the subarray with sum is equal to the given integer.  Note: This problem is an extension of – find the subarray with sum to a Given Value, in which arrays with negative numbers are not handled.  Example: Given input: [25, 12, -14, 22, -19, … Read more Find subarray with a sum to given number-2 | Handle negative numbers

Sort the two dimensional (2D) array – In-place

Problem: Given a two-dimensional array where each individual row is sorted in ascending order. Your task to sort the entire 2d array in ascending order. Write an algorithm for the sorting. Example: Given Array: [[5, 12, 17, 21, 23] [1, 2, 4, 6, 8] [12, 14, 18, 19, 27] [3, 7, 9, 15, 25]] Sorted … Read more Sort the two dimensional (2D) array – In-place