Category: Microsoft Interview

0

Remove Duplicates from a string

Objective:  Given a string, write an algorithm to remove the duplicate characters in that string. Example: Input: tutorialhorizon Output: tuorialhzn Approaches: There are multiple approaches to solve this problem- Use Sorting – (Will change the...

2

Find median of two sorted arrays of same size

Objective:  Given two sorted arrays of size n. Write an algorithm to find the median of combined array (merger of both the given arrays, size = 2n). What is Median? The median is the value separating the...

1

Dynamic programming – Minimum Jumps to reach to end

Objective:  Given an array of non negative integers, start from the first element and reach the last by jumping. The jump length can be at most the value at the current position in the array....

1

Dynamic programming – Remove Boxes Problem

Objec­tive:  Given a number of boxes with different colors represented by different positive numbers. You need to remove all the boxes in several rounds, each time you can choose continuous boxes with the same color (means...

2

Find two non-repeating numbers in an array in O(n) time and O(1) space

Objective:  Given an array of integers which has all the repeating numbers (twice) but two numbers which are non-repeating. Write an algorithm to find out those two numbers. Example int [] arrA = {4,5,4,5,3,2,9,3,9,8}; Output:...

0

Separate even and odd integers in a given array

Objec­tive:  Given an array which contains even and odd integers. Write an algorithm to separate even and odd numbers. Example int [] arrA = {1,2,3,4,6,8,7,12}; Output: [12, 2, 8, 4, 6, 3, 7, 1] Approach:...

0

Separate 0’s and 1’s in a given array

Objec­tive:  Given an array which contains only 0’s and 1’s. write an algorithm to separate 0’s and 1’s. Example int [] arrA = {1,0,1,0,1,1,0,0,0,0,1}; Output: [0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1,...

1

Stock Single Sell Problem – O(n) Solution

Objec­tive:  Given an array represents cost of a stock on each day. You are allowed to buy and sell the stock only once. Write an algorithm to maximize the profit in single buy and sell....

2

Maximum difference between two elements where larger element appears after the smaller element

Objective: Given an array A[], write an algorithm to find Maximum difference between two elements where larger element appears after the smaller element or in other words find A[i] and A[j] such that A[j]-A[i]...

2

Find two elements whose sum is closest to zero

Objective: Given an array of positive and negative integers, write a algorithm to find the two elements such their sum is closest to zero. Example: int a [] = {1, 4, -5, 3, -2,...

5

Find the element which appears maximum number of times in the array.

Objective: Given an array of integers, write a algorithm to find the element which appears maximum number of times in the array. Example: int [] arrA = {4, 1, 5, 2, 1, 5, 9,...

0

Find duplicates in an given array in O(n) time and O(1) extra space.

Objective: Given an array of integers, find out duplicates in it. Example: int [] a = {4, 6, 2, 1, 2, 5}; Output: Array has duplicates : 2 int a [] = {1, 6,...

0

Find the last repeating character in a given string.

Objective: Given a string, write an algorithm to find the last repeating character in it. Example: String input = “horizon tutorials” Output: ‘i’ String input = “algorithms” Output: No repeating character found. Approach: Naive...

3

Find the first non repeating character in a given string

Objective: Given a string, write an algorithm to find the first non repeating character in it. Example: String input = ” tutorial horizon” Output: ‘u’ String input = “aabbccadd” Output: No non-repeating character found....

1

Dynamic Programming – Count all paths in 2D Matrix with Obstructions in it

Objective: Given two dimensional matrix, write an algorithm to count all possible paths from top left corner to bottom-right corner. You are allowed to move only in two directions, move right OR move down....

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