Circular Linked List Complete Implementation

Earlier we have seen what is Singly Linked List and How to implement it. In a way you say that it’s an extension of singly linked list. I would suggest that if you do not about Linked list, then i would recommend that first read “Singly Linked List“. Now we will see the difference between them.

Circular Linked List

Circular Linked List

So as we can see the in circular linked list last node in the list is not pointing to null but its pointing the first node in the linked list and this makes a circle that is why it is called “Circular Linked List”.

Let’s see how the Node structure will look like

class Node{
     int data;
     Node next;
     public Node(int data){
        this.data = data;
     }
}

Operations:

NOTE: we are two references here, head and tail. Head points the start of the linked list and tail points to the last node of the linked list.

Add at the Start : Add a node the begin­ning of the linked list. Its O(1). If size is 0 then make the new node as head and tail else put the at the start, change the head and do not change the tail.

Add at the End : Add a node at the end of the linked list. its O(1) since we have tail reference. If size is 0 then make the new node as head and tail else put node at the end of the list using tail reference and make the new node as tail.

Delete at the Start : Delete a node from begin­ning of the linked list and make the head points to the 2nd node in the list. Its O(1).

Get Size: returns the size of the linked list.

Get Ele­ment at Index : Return the ele­ment at spe­cific index, if index is greater than the size then return –1. its O(n) in worst case.

Print: Prints the entire linked list. O(n).

Com­plete Code:


Output:

Adding node 3 at start
Adding node 2 at start
Adding node 1 at start
Circular Linked List: 1 2 3
deleting node 1 from start
Circular Linked List: 2 3
Node 4 is added at the end of the list
Circular Linked List: 2 3 4
Size of linked list: 3
Element at 2nd position: 3

__________________________________________________
Top Companies Interview Questions..-

Google Microsoft Amazon Facebook more..

If you find anything incorrect or you feel that there is any better approach to solve the above problem, please write comment.
__________________________________________________

  • Pharmacy Tv

    why we write ” tail.next =n; ” at the 30.line of the code….because at the 32.line we assign tail.next to head..(tail.next = head;).. i think 30.line of the code is unnecessary..

%d bloggers like this: