Objective: Given a binary tree, write a non-recursive or iterative algorithm for Inorder traversal.
Earlier we have seen “What is Inorder traversal and recursive algorithm for it“, In this article, we will solve it in an iterative/Non Recursive manner.
Since we are not using recursion, we will use the Stack to store the traversal, we need to remember that inorder traversal, first traverse the left node then the root followed by the right node.
- Create a Stack.
- Push the root into the stack and set the root = root.left continue till it hits the NULL.
- If the root is null and Stack is empty Then
- return, we are done.
- Pop the top Node from the Stack and set it as, root = popped_Node.
- print the root and go right, root = root.right.
- Go to step 2.
- End If
See the animated image below and code for more understanding.
4 2 5 1 3 4 2 5 1 3