Print All The Permutations Of a String

Objective: Given a String, print all the permutations of it.

Input: A String

Output: Print all the permutations of a string


Input : abc
Output: abc acb bac bca cba cab

  • Take one character at a time and fix it at the first position. (use swap to put every character at the first position)
  • make recursive call to rest of the characters.
  • use swap to revert the string back to its original form fo next iteration.


Complete Code:

import java.util.*;
import java.lang.*;
public class StringPermutations {
private char[] arrA;
public void permutation(char[] arrA, int left, int size) {
int x;
if (left == size) {
for (int i = 0; i < arrA.length; i++) {
System.out.print(" ");
} else {
for (x = left; x < size; x++) {
swap(arrA, left, x);
permutation(arrA, left + 1, size);
swap(arrA, left, x);
public void swap(char[] arrA, int i, int j) {
char temp = arrA[i];
arrA[i] = arrA[j];
arrA[j] = temp;
public static void main(String[] args) throws java.lang.Exception {
// your code goes here
String s = "abc";
char[] arrCh = s.toCharArray();
StringPermutations i = new StringPermutations();
i.permutation(arrCh, 0, arrCh.length);

Output :

abc acb bac bca cba cab